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Steps to make a shoe pattern.

Once the designer of footwear has presented his proposal in terms of model, colors, materials, etc. And this has been approved it is time for the skipper to form over the last to that idea. In theory making the pattern of a shoe is a simple task, however, for it to be perfect as needed at the industrial level is necessary more experience, which is gained over the years and practice.

Tools to make a footwear pattern.

· Shoe last.
· Pen/ pencil.
· Bodybuilder’s belt.
· Cardboard.
· Flexible rule.
· Exact scalpel



Wrapping the Last.

It is done in two vertical and horizontal directions, starting from the sides from the base of the last horizontally, then act vertically from the middle to the heel and diagonally, the remaining part of the half to the toe. To finish you must stick a tape in the middle of the last from the instep to the toe and another in the heel.


All this will give rise to what is known as trepa which you can cut to draw it on the cardboard or draw the design on the trepa and then disassemble.

"The footwear pattern must be perfect to ensure a good production"

Jorge Martínez.



Commercial agencies/ Wholesalerss   |   shoe manufacturers   |   Leather goods manufacturers   |   Shoe shop/ Retailer

·Flatten out the gut.

Using the exact or scalpel cut the tape from the top by the center line to the toe and heel, then cut the top and base to take off all the tapes very carefully and get a single piece.


Once this is done, continue to flatten the casing on the cardboard on both sides, making sure that there are no wrinkles, to cut out the obtained shape and repaint it in a new cardboard.



·Draw the Trepa.

When making this drawing should take into account the general measures of the last, which are:
· Length of the last.
· Heel height.
· Height of the neckline.
· Get off the shovel.
· Opening of the hole.
· Hole in the throat.
· Width of the throat.
· Mudguard.
· Reed.

Tracing of the Pattern.

In this step all the details of each design are drawn on the pattern.

Margins and over positions.

All seam distances and over positions should be drawn on the pattern.


·Draw on the Last.

If you prefer to draw properly on the last instead of on the cardboard, you draw a central line that runs from the heel to the toe through the instep. Guidelines for general savings measures are also laid down.

The last pass consists of flatten the trepa on the cardboard or cut each piece individually and then flatten it on the cardboard. In both cases measures corresponding to margins and on positions should be added.

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