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Departments for the Manufacture of Footwear.

In medium and large companies the workstations are divided by departments, this in order to segment the tasks according to the inputs, materials, tools, machinery and personnel with it to ensure that the production flows are made in the most correct way, avoiding as much as possible the failures or irregularities.

In the Footwear Industry also the tasks are divided into departments that will be responsible for producing shoes from the moment of design to obtain the final product. These departments are: 

·Department of design and pattern.






·         Drawing of the final result.

· Proposal of materials, colors, textures.

· Presentation of patterns, according to the model.


In the world we can find millions of different footwear models, and really this is the first phase of the whole process. You have an idea in mind but this must materialize, for it the designer will reflect it in a technical drawing of the model of final footwear, this anger accompanied by other specifications such as materials, colors, textures, applications, etc.


But also this drawing must be presented in the form of patterns, as if the shoe was unarmed and open, to proceed to the second phase. 

Court department.


·         Drawing of patterns on the skin.

·Cutting of the material.

As its name indicates in this second phase we proceed to make all the cuts of the parts that make up the footwear, this can be done manually, with the help of machines or in a mixed way as is almost always customary.

The cut must have the material in the correct sense, taking good care of any imperfection in the skin caused by tears, cuts, burns, fungi and/or stains. Within this level we can define the following steps: 


Filleting: the marking of the edges on the edges of the cut is done, it is a manual work in which a good pulse is needed.

Die: The logo and production batch information is marked on the material.

Divided: with great precision you are given the necessary thickness for each cut, this must be precise according to the required conditions.

Reduced: The thickness of the skin is reduced, especially on the edges of the same.

Scratching: With silver ink or coloured pencils, the guide lines are used to assemble and assemble in the right places.

Revision: Finally, all the pieces are counted while monitoring that all have the necessary quality and can move to the next phase. 


"The department section will make your work process more successful"

Jorge Martínez.



Commercial agencies/ Wholesalerss   |   shoe manufacturers   |   Leather goods manufacturers   |   Shoe shop/ Retailer

Department of stitching.


·         Attach all the footwear parts.

Give the final shape to the product.


In this cycle the parts of the footwear are joined, the tasks of this department vary according to the type of construction of the footwear, which is chosen by each manufacturer. These can be:

·      Stuck.

·      LookStitcher.

·      Injected

·      Vulcanized.

·      Strobel.

·      Moccasin.

·      California.

·      Opanka.

·      Jareta.

·      Goodyear Welt.

·      Stitcher.



This also includes the placement of the sole, which could also be made under multiple systems such as baked, glued, injected. ·      

Department of ornament and jacketed.


·    Give the final finish of the product.

·  Remove any imperfections that may result.

·  To finish the whole process of making footwear, at this stage the final finish is awarded to the product, they are perhaps the easiest tasks to learn and run throughout the chain and are mostly performed by women. These are:

·  Rebabera: manually remove all the leftovers that may have resulted in the soles.

·  Emplantillar: the insoles are placed inside each shoe.

·  Washing: to remove any stain or cutting line that has been traced in the process.

·  Embellishment: embroidery, applications or any special arrangement that has been required, will be executed at this stage.

·  Reserve: used to cover any defective surface.


Labelling: all necessary information is placed in compliance with the legal provisions by means of labels

Department of ornament and jacketed.


·         Inspect that the final product meets all requirements optimally.

·Send to repair or dispose of those products that merit it.


No less important this department is responsible for giving the approval to the entire production line, discard what can not leave or in any case send to repair it. Once this phase is over, we proceed to pack. 

Packing department.


Pack all final products.


The way of packaging varies according to personal requirements, in large batches or in individual boxes, the important thing will always be to do so in a way that preserves the properties of each product. 


Shipping department.


Get all the cargo to destination.


With all production ready, and packaged, this department handles shipping and delivery to each destination point.

These are all the departments that make up a shoe factory, in some cases some more can be added or on the contrary join one or more of this, everything will depend on the system managed by each industry at the same time as the staff they have.


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